High Liver Enzymes In Blood Work Are a Signal We Can’t Ignore
High Liver Enzymes Can Signal Liver Distress
High liver enzymes present in our blood work can send warning signs or liver issues. Whenever a physician suspects that a patient could have liver infection as well as other form of liver problems or damage, one of the very first things that he does is obtain blood work to detect whether the individual has high liver enzymes. By this method, he can obtain a better grasp of the sufferer’s true overall condition, as well as the necessary treatments to be administered.
The enzymes that the blood examination is looking for are ALT and AST, or amino transaminase and aspartate transaminase. Both these high liver enzymes should have very little presence in the blood. Hence, having them in the blood can be a warning sign that something is not right with the liver.
High Liver Enzymes Can Occasionally be Elevated for Benign Reasons
Liver enzymes are often found to be elevated in the course of undertaking regular blood work, but occasionally your physician will request them when you are exhibiting symptoms of liver damage. These symptoms would include exhaustion, loss of appetite, jaundice and swelling of your legs and feet.
In case you show one or more of these signs and symptoms, or in the event that the high liver enzymes in the blood are still present, the physician will likely suggest several more blood assessments to recognize the primary cause. Many times the enzymes can be elevated for benign reasons. These might including having obtained an injection or physical injury of some sort, or even using certain medications which can momentarily increase your enzyme level.
Poor Diet, Excessive Drinking, Obesity or Liver Damage Can Set Off High Liver Enzymes
Sometimes, however, enzymes tend to be found in the blood stream on account of liver damage as a consequence of liver disease due to alcohol, poor diet, unhealthy weight and health conditions like Hepatitis A, B or C and heart problems. Several other illnesses such as celiac disease, mononucleosis and pancreatitis could also lead to elevated enzymes. The main cause of the illness can be determined with a number of medical tests including MRI, CT scans and ultrasounds.
Both ALT and AST are generally present in very small quantities in the blood stream; they are normally only found in high amounts in the liver itself. The figures that you can expect to see in a normal liver enzyme examination would find the ALT amounts between five to forty units per liter, and AST would be expected to fall within the range of seven to fifty six units per liter.
When blood work comes back with elevated liver enzymes, there’s immediately a concern about the possibility of liver damage. This is even though this is not always the main cause of elevated liver enzymes.
In the same manner, even though they actually signify liver infection or lesions, and even cirrhosis, the figures don’t invariably reveal the level of damage; you can’t translate a high number as meaning something more serious compared to a lower amount. Most importantly, when ever liver enzymes are found to be beyond the normal range, it is an indication that more screening must be completed with an eye to evaluating the actual performance of the liver.
These tests may include a coagulation panel, a platelet count and a bilirubin count. In the event that any of these tests result to way too high or low numbers, the individual is more apt to be affected by liver damage. These problems can range from a diagnosis of fatty liver to the consumption of too much alcohol, to liver disease. Additionally, there are genetic causes for liver disease, as well as the introduction of foreign substances just like acetaminophen and other medications which can be hazardous for the liver.